Select Publications Replace and Reduce Animal Use

The following list includes a selection of papers published on the use of non-animal testing approaches (without Consortium co-authors). Publications authored by the Consortium and its members can be found here.

Acute Systemic Toxicity Testing

Adverse Outcome Pathways

Antibodies and Antitoxins

Biologics and Biological Assays

Carcinogenicity

Computer Modeling

Ecotoxicological Testing

Endocrine Disruption

Eye Irritation/Corrosion Testing

In Vitro to In Vivo Extrapolation

Inhalation Toxicity Testing

Organs-on-Chips

Pyrogenicity Testing

Reproductive Toxicity Testing

Shellfish Toxicity Testing

Skin Absorption

Skin Irritation/Corrosion Testing

Skin Sensitisation Testing

Thrombogenicity

Validation

Waivers